Bulldogs are sturdy little dog and generally they are rather healthy. But just like other dog breeds they have a set of certain health problems and conditions that they occasionally suffer from. Bulldog owners need to know what those problems are in order to be able to notice their early development stages and report them to the vet so that they can’t progress too far.First of all, you need to know that their short muzzles don’t allow them to cool off properly in the heat because they can’t breathe enough to expel enough heat. This makes them extremely vulnerable to heat strokes. Their tendency to lie in the sun whenever they can also doesn’t help. Make sure that your dog always has access to a lot of cool water and shade during the warmer months.
First of all, you need to know that their short muzzles don’t allow them to cool off properly in the heat because they can’t breathe enough to expel enough heat. This makes them extremely vulnerable to heat strokes. Their tendency to lie in the sun whenever they can also doesn’t help. Make sure that your dog always has access to a lot of cool water and shade during the warmer months.
Most dog breeds suffer from a number of eye conditions and Bulldogs are not an exception. One of them is dry eye. This is caused by blocked tear glands and manifests itself as a green mist over the dog’s eyes. If you notice that your dog’s eyes look like they are covered in a thin bluish haze take him to the vet to perform the necessary tests. This is a rather frequent condition in Bulldogs and the treatment includes applying eye drops for the rest of the dog’s life.
Another frequent eye condition is a cherry eye. It occurs when a gland in the dog’s eye pops out under the eyelid and can be noticed in the corner of the eye. The gland can be surgically removed, but a lot of vets refuse to do that as it can increase the possibility of the appearance of the dry eye. It is doubtful whether this increase is relevant, seeing that even without the surgery it is rather likely that the dry eye will develop at one point.
You also need to make sure that you frequently clean the folds in your Bulldog’s facial skin. They can’t clean them themselves and those wrinkles are a magnet for food, filth, and sweat. If left like that this combination will fester over time and become a proper bacteria hotspot. This will, in turn, cause painful infections and skin irritations. Ty to clean your dog’s face folds daily.
Hip dysplasia is a hereditary condition that that afflicts a lot of dog breeds, but it is especially frequent in Bulldogs. It is characterized by the improper development of hip bones and cartilage. Over time, the friction between the mal fitted bones will cause them to wear out even more. This condition will initially manifest itself as limping, but if it is not treated, it might eventually make the dog unable to walk.
Another hereditary bone problem is patellar luxation. This is basically kneecap displacement, and it only affects the hind legs. It can vary in severity, sometimes it can be easily fixed by the dog just stretching his legs, but at other times, it can leave the dog completely immobile. Like hip dysplasia, the early symptoms are limping and difficulties with walking. Surgical solutions are available.