Pyometra in dogs or Dog Uterus Infection is a uterine disease that occurs most often in the female dogs when they reach six years or older and never pregnant. Basically, this disease is a cause of hormonal abnormality with or without bacterial infection. The bitches older than 7 years have more chances to gain this disease. Pyometra usually happens in a bitch one to two months following her heat and throughout this point, her progestogen levels area unit elevated, whether or not she was bred or not. The hormone progesterone with things act together to make such ideal conditions for infection: it stimulates organ secretions at intervals the womb, suppresses female internal reproductive organ contractions and inhibits the result of infection-fighting blood cells within the womb. The consequences are snowballing, such that each estrous cycle results in more glands, inflammatory cells, and fluid or mucous in the uterus. If estrogen is examined during this time, it specifically results in pyometra.
The perfect and strong prevention against pyometra is spaying, which removes the uterus from the body. It is very rarely found that a spayed bitch can develop a remnant pyometra if a bit of ovarian or uterine material leftover after spaying. It also reflects that how many uterine tissues left behind. In the case of closed Pyometra in dogs, the owner has to spot signs other than normal vaginal discharge. 50 % affected dogs have these kinds of signs:
- Dogs take excessive water intake
- Excessive Urination
- Pale Gums
- Lack of appetite and depression
- Vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal distention etc.
In the above-mentioned symptoms, many of these are not good for the health of your dog. In some cases, toxins from the bacteria affect the dog’s kidney and retain fluid. In a case of excessive urination, dog drinks lot of water and this condition occur in both open and closed cervix pyometra.
Diagnosing Pyometra in Dogs
In the case of early pyometra diagnosing the dogs may have a slight vaginal release and indicate no other symbols of illness. However, most of the dogs with pyometra disease are seen later in the serious illness. Female dog with the history of recent “heat” can have pyometra with strong evidence of vaginal discharge or a painful, enlarged abdomen. When pyometra in dogs is diagnosed severe elevation of the white blood cell and elevation of globulins in the blood occur. Due to the toxic effects of bacteria, the dog’s specific gravity of urine is generally low and affect the kidneys.
However, these kind of major bacterial infections are non-specific and may be present in any dog. X-rays of the abdomen will often identify the enlarged uterus in case of the closed cervix and in the open cervix, there will be a minimal uterine enlargement. Also, an ultrasound examination is very helpful in identifying an enlarged uterus from a normal pregnancy.
Treatment of Pyometra in Dogs:
At the point when Pyometra in dogs is investigated, it’s seen as an emergency. The bitch’s uterus and ovaries removed in surgical treatment. The removal process of uterus and ovaries is called ovariohysterectomy “spey”.
In most of the cases, surgery is not complicated and most dogs are diagnosed when they are quite ill. If your dog is a valuable breeding female then you need to contact your vet to discuss alternative treatment choices. Although the success rate is not so high and can have some serious side effects too. The other alternative methods are not always successful and have some essential restrictions also. These alternative unsuccessful ways may cause side effects including restlessness, panting, vomiting, defecation, salivation, and abdominal pain. After examine the side effects arise inside the dog about fifteen minutes and often last for a few hours. The pain can be decreased by walking or exercising the dog for almost about 30 minutes following an injection. Pyometra in dogs is such medical condition that needs fast and rapid treatment. Other alternative treatments like prostaglandin treatments have very low chance of success. This is a life-threatening disease so if the treatment is not performed quickly, the extreme toxic effects from the bacteria will become a major danger for dog’s life. As the prostaglandins cause the uterus to contract, so it is most probable for the dog’s uterus to rupture and spill infection into the abdominal cavity and resulting in peritonitis. This life-threatening condition is most likely to happen when the cervix is closed. Here are some very important stats that you should know before the alternative way of this treatment:
- Treatment for open-cervix pyometra is about approximately 75-90% in uncomplicated cases.
- The success rate in closed -cervix pyometra is only about 25-40%.
- Most of the cases the rate of recurrence of this disease in a treated dog is generally as high as 50-75%.
- Also, the chance of future successful breeding is decreased to about 50-75%.